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Ukrainian Market

 

Read overview of Ukrainian Market

 

Download «ITE regional outlook. Focus on: Ukraine»

 

Ukraine is the second largest country by territory in Europe, as its area is more than 603,700 km².

Most of the territory (95%) are plains with low declivous uplands with the height of no more than 300 m. Mixed forests, forest-steppes and steppes prevail on the plains of Ukraine. About the half of the country area is used for plant growing; forests occupy 18% territories.

 

Agriculture in Western Ukraine

 

This region is rich in diverse agricultural and natural resources. Geographically it can be divided into the Western part (or Carpathians) and the North-Western part.

 

Carpathians region includes Lviv, Zakarpattya, Ivano-Frankivsk and Chernivtsi regions.

The total area is 56,6 thousands km² with the population reaching 6,1 mln people.

The agro-industrial complex of the area includes agriculture and processing industries.

In a forest-steppe area cattle breeding, pig breeding, grain planting, flax and sugar beet cultivation are widespread.

 

In the mountains the cattle breeding prevails. Due to the geological and climate conditions these lands can’t be used for arable planting. Therefore, sheep breeding traditionally played the leading role here. The steep mountain slopes are suitable for this agricultural sector. Polonyny or subalpine grasslands are covered with bilous – plant which only sheep can eat. Flax and potato are also popular here. In Zakarpattya region you can find lots of households involved into viticulture, gardening and tobacco cultivation.

 

The North-western area consists of Rivne and Volyn region where 2,2 million people live. The total area is 40,3 thousand km². The average density of the population is 55 people per 1 km² which is the lowest rate in the country.

 

People mostly cultivate rye, flax, hop, winter-crops, wheat, sugar beet and potato. However the region tends to live off cattle breeding: pig and sheep breeding, poultry, rabbit and fish farming, as well as beekeeping are popular.

 

Central Ukraine

 

Central Ukraine is Kirovograd, Cherkassy, Vinnytsia, Zhitomyr, Poltava and Kyiv regions. All of these except Kyiv are mainly agrarian

 

The regional agro-industrial sector is known for the diverse plant cultivation and animal breeding. People cultivate winter wheat, barley, maize, sugar beet, sunflower, hemp, coriander. The leading sectors are milk production and cattle breading. Enterprises, specializing in breeding pigs, sheep, rabbit, and poultry are also popular.  and pond fish breeding are developing.

 

Every region has its peculiarities. For instance, in Vinnytsia region the horticulture and viticulture are widespread, also represented a unique branch of agricultural production as a hop planting.

 

Vinnytsia region is ranked first in the country for the production of cereals and sugar beet, shares the 1-2 places for the production of vegetables with Autonomous Republic of Crimea.

 

The major crops grown in Kirovograd area are winter wheat, barley, maize, beans, buckwheat and millet, as well as sunflower and sugar beet.

 

The production of soybeans is rapidly growing.  The dominant trends in horticulture are apples, pears, plums, cherries and berries.

 

South Ukraine

 

This part of Ukraine includes Odessa, Mykolayiv, Kherson regions and the Autonomous Republic of Crimea.

 

An area of the appointed territory is 113.4 thousand square meters. km, population – 7 million, the average population density – 61 people per 1 sq.km.

 

South Ukraine is a region of immense steppes, fertile soil and intensive sun shining regime.  At the same time some of these areas suffer from the lack of water resources in summer.

 

Diversified agro-industrial complex of the Southern Ukraine is one of the most developed in the country.  Winter wheat, barley, maize, millet, rice, sunflower, tobacco, ricin, and mustard occupy significant areas here. Also we can mention sugar beets, flax, soy, sesame, peanuts, essential oil and medicinal plants.

 

Large areas are used for vineyards, orchards, cultivating vegetables and melons. Dairy and beef cattle, pigs, poultry and sheep breeding is widespread. Fish breeding and fish processing industry are developed in the regions washed by the Black and Azov seas.

 

Eastern Ukraine

 

To the East Agricultural zone of Ukraine usually included Kharkiv, Poltava and Sumy regions. The total area is 84 thousand  km², total population -5.6 million

 

Agricultural lands of the East Agricultural region occupy up to 79% of its area, agriculture is better developed than livestock breeding.

 

The main specialization of agricultural production is the cultivation of cereals, sugar beet and sunflower. Potatoes and vegetables are grown in suburban areas of the large cities. In sector of animal husbandry dairy and meat cattle breeding and pig breeding dominates. Apiculture and sericulture enterprises are also developing.